Nios Class 12th Physical Education and Yog (373) Solved Previous Year Question Paper in English Medium
- Introduction and Historical Development
Q.1. Mark the following statements as true or false:
(i) Physical Education and sports not related with overall personality. (True/False)
(ii) The word physical refers to body, indicates bodily characteristics. (True/False)
(iii) Physical activities are a key to success in respect to health. (True/False)
(iv) Physical activities improve children’s scientific insight of thinking. (True/False)
(v) Physical activities provide opportunity to learn qualities like sportsmanship and self-discipline. (True/False)
- Explain the importance to Physical education is day to day life.
Ans. Physical education helps to develop the overall personality including physical, mental, social, and emotional health which ultimately improves your productivity and lifestyle.
Q.3. Tick the Correct option.
(i) Which age is famous for ‘Ramayana’ and Mahabharata?
(d) all of the above.
Ans. (c) Epic
(ii) ‘Jainism’ and ‘Buddhism’ are related to which historical age?
(d) None of the above
Ans. (b) Historical
(iii) Kshatriya is related to which historical age?
(d) all of the above.
Ans. (a) Rajput
(iv) In which year was the YMCA College of education founded?
(b) 1921 7320
(d) None of the above
Ans. (a) 1920
(v) Who was the founder of Y.M.C.A college of education?
(a) H. C. Buck
(6) A. C. Buck
(c) C. H. Buck
(d) all of the above.
Ans. (a) H.C. Buck
- Write the full form of NCC, NSNIS and IOA. ZAT
Ans. (i) NCC – National Cadet Corps
(ii) NSNIS – Netaji Subhash National Institute for sports.
(iii) IOA – Indian Olympic Association.
- Ram; Laxman, Ravan, Megghanad Bhima, Arjuna, Karna, Bhishma, Drona are famous for which historical age?
Ans. Epic age
Q.6. Mark the following questions as true or false.
(i) Yog can impede the internal organs of the of body. (True/False)
(ii) Yog can help us to cure and prevent diseases. (True/False)
(iii) Meditation will help to increase the mental stress. (True/False)
(iv) Padmasana will help to reduce your mental pressure. (True/False)
(v) Yog can help to reduce your obesity. (True/ False)
(vi) Yog can decrease your R.O.M. (True/ False)
- Explain the importance of Yog in day to day life.
Ans These days yog is getting popularity among masses; people who don’t have a time for exercise, or are busy with their occupation schedule can easily approach for yog any time or any place. Yog improves in many ways. The physical purity and cleanliness of internal organs is done by doing pranayama and kriyas, stress and tension can be reduced by doing meditation and dhyan, Yog asnanas also help to correct the body posture deformity. Daily practice of yog improves the productivity of the individual.
- Explain the meaning and importance of Physical Education with suitable examples.
Ans. Physical Education is the combination of two words-physical and education. The word physical refers to body and indicates bodily characteristics such as strength, speed endurance, flexibility, health, coordination and performance. It generally contrasts the body with the mind. The word ‘education’ means systematic instructions or training or preparation for life or for some particular assignments. Physical Education is a science of complete development of the individual by participating in physical activities and sports.
Quest and Bucher have defined Physical Education as an educational process that uses physical activity as a means to help individuals acquire skills, fitness, knowledge and attitudes that contribute to their optimal development as well being. Physical education contributes towards the development of the individual by participating in physical activities and sports, thus Physical education is very important.
Importance of Physical Education:-
(i) Physical education helps in the physical growth and development of the human body.
(ii) It helps us to improve all parameters of development such as physical, mental, social and emotional development.
(iii) It also improves the intellectual ability.
(iv) Physical education and sports provide opportunities to control emotions.
(v) It helps in learning social qualities like honesty, self-discipline, co-operation, sportsmanship, friendship and fellowship.
(vi) It also helps in character development. Group efforts, loyalty, dedication discipline and determination help to build a good character of the individual.
(vii) Physical education through scientific mode of exercise and knowledge about one’s body and its requirement contribute immensely to physical fitness. Systematic and scientific physical training helps to improve the physical fitness of the individual.
(viii) Physical education also helps to improve the mental development of the individual.
(ix) Physical education contributes to the constructive use of leisure time.
(x) Through physical activities an individual learns to co-ordinate the muscular and nervous system.
- Describe the historical development of Physical Education in Indian perspective.
Ans In ancient India, physical education as a subject was not taught, but there were many sports that were played. During Veda period archery, horse riding and chariot racing were common sports. Besides these sports other sports were Javelin throwing, sword fighting, wrestling and club fighting Training in the art of war was both intensive and expensive. In Nalanda University, physical education was given due emphasis and was taught to students in a systematic manner. Swimming, Breathing exercise and yog had become an integral part of the daily life of the students.
During medieval period many sports were played. Wrestling, boxing, polo, rugby, shooting, archery, swimming, sword fighting, chess, horse riding and javelin throwing were common sports.
During modern period Physical education had always existed in the Indian society in one form or other, but had never been considered a part and parcel of school curriculum. No doubt the English men were sports loving people, yet they also did not pay any attention to the inclusion of physical education in the school educational programmer. In 1833, Government of India shouldered the responsibility of education and in 1870, education was made a state subject, the centre only retained the supervisory powers. For the first time in 1882, the Indian Education Commission recommended physical training in school education. It recommended that physical training be promoted in schools by encouragement of native games such as gymnastics, drills and other exercises. This spurred the interest of the school children to take to physical activities.
Private organizations for physical education like gymnasia, Vyayam-Shala, Akhadas and Kreeda mandals contributed much for the spread of traditional interest in the subject. Danda, Baithaka, folk dances, wrestling and exercises with light apparatus received greater attention. Indigenous games like Kho-Kho and atye-patye also became popular. Physical education such as drills and P.T. exercises were imparted in some schools by ex-servicemen. They also prepared the students as Scouts for school ceremonies. The outstanding development of physical education in pre-independent India goes to the Y.M.C.A., College of Physical Education, and Madras. Y.M.C.A was founded in 1920by Mr. H.C.Buck. In 1931, the Govt. College of Physical Education, Hyderabad and in 1932, The Christian College of Physical Education, Lucknow, was established. In 1938, The Training Institute of Physical Education, Khandiyali (Bombay) also came into existence. In 1914, ‘Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Amravati was set up to serve the cause of Physical education in India.
In 1927, Indian Olympic Association came into existence. After independence a number of institutes and universities were established. For example, Netaji Subhash National Institute for sports (NSNIS) later renamed as Netaji Subhash Institute of sports in 1973. In is Patiala Similar, National Discipline scheme came into existence on July 24, 1954 at Lajpat Nagar Delhi, National Caded Corps (N.C.C) was introduced is the year 1948. A new integrated scheme of compulsory physical education was scheduled to be put into effect from July 1963. The Planning Commission put into effect from July 1963.
The planning Commission made provision for six corers and forty lakhs for the implementation of the new scheme. The scheme covered all students from class VI to class X. Five periods of not less than from 45 minutes each were to be devoted to physical training. However, the scheme failed to come into force in its true spirit. In 2018, CBSE made Physical Education a compulsory subject from IX to XII standard in schools as mainstreaming physical education.
- Explain the concept of yog.
Ans The word ‘yog’ is derived from Sanskrit ‘Yuj’, which means to join, to attach, to bind and yoke, and to concentrate on one’s attention. Yog means the experience of oneness or unity with inner being. The unity comes after dissolving the duality of mind and matter into the supreme reality. It is a science by which the individual approaches truth. Yog is a way of a better living. It ensures greater efficiency in work, and a better control over mind and emotions. Through yog one can achieve both physical and mental harmony.
Yog is a way to achieve the supreme goal of peaceful life. In Bhagvad Gita the main stress is on Karma Yog (Yog by action). “Work alone is your privilege, never the fruits thereof. Never let the fruits of action be your motive; and never cease to work. Work in the name of lord, abandoning selfish desires. Be not affected by success or failure. This equipoise is called yog.”
Q.4. Describe the historical development of yog.
Ans As per Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is considered as the founder of yog. He narrated the science of health to his wife parvati and later passed it on to stages for the upliftment of human being.
In Indus valley civilization different forms of yog were practiced. According to archaeologists, there were 16 specific yogic poses. In Veda period there were some partially developed concepts of yog. Vedas do not directly mention the work yogis or yog. In Rigveda the usage of work ‘YunjateRJ’ suggests an idea of yog for sense control. In the Upnishads, an early reference to merit 963.ation is made in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. The main textual sources for the evolving concept of Yog are the middle Upanishads, the Mahabharata including Bhagwadgita and the yog sutras of Patanjali. Many examples of the concept and terminology of yog appear in the upnishads.
Ramayana and Mahabharata are the important sources of information about the yogic practice in that era. The Sage, Vishwamitra taught Ram and Lakshmana, the art of yogand Prānāyāms. Lord Krishna narrated yog to his disciple Arjuna in the battlefield. The term ‘yog’ has been used in Bhagwad Gita in a variety of senses – Karma yog (the yog of action), Bhakti yog (the yog of devotion and Janna yog (the yog of knowledge).
Patanjali, gave us the present literary form of yog in ‘Yogsutra’ approximately in 147 B.C. The Yogsutra is divided into four books. He explained eight parts of yog, such as Yama, Niyama, Asanas, Prāsāyāms, Prānāyāms, Dharna, Dhyana and Samadhi. The literature of Smrit period mentions pranayama and other purification techniques performed in most of the rituals.
During medieval period Hatha yog was a particular system of yog. The saints of this period used to do various yogic practices.
In modern period Yoghas had taken up anew shape in the twentieth century which is contrary to its history of life-long devotion. The yog practiced in modern time is implementation of the techniques to strengthen mind and body. It is practiced to keep mind and body healthy. Yog is now spreading all over the world.
Q.5. Explain the need and importance of yog
Ans In the current period and need and importance of yog have increased many folds. Yog is mainly concern with the physical and mental wellbeing. In order to accomplice of it, yog makes use of different movements, breathing exercises, relaxation techniques and meditation. Yog is a way of living with health and peace of mind. Mind/ body awareness can influence mood self esteem to improve quality of life. Yog is the perfect way to ensure overall the health and physical fitness.
Some of the benefits of yog are as follows:
(i) Yog is useful in physical purity and cleanliness of organs.
(ii) Yog cures and prevents diseases.
(iii) It reduces mental tensions, fatigue and stress inducing relaxation.
(iv) Yog increases concentration and self control.
(v) It improves productivity is life.
(vi) Yog keeps the correct posture of body.
(vii) It reduces obesity.
(viii) Yog prevents from injury and rehabilitation.
(ix) One of the most important benefits of Yog is that it improves the immune system.
(x) Yog also improves the sports performance.
(xi) Yog helps in improving better life style.
(xii) It increases flexibility of the body.
(xiii) It provides relaxation rest and relaxation are essential for removing fatigue from the body.