Nios class 10th english most important question with answerTeam Manish Verma
Q1- Based on your understanding of the passage given below, answer the questions that follow. Choose the best options wherever given.
Let’s Create Happiness Around Us
- One day I was travelling on a local bus. A lady who seemed to be from a remote village got on the bus with three young children and lots of luggage. Sure, enough she was new to the city. She looked confused and worried. She did not know where exactly her bus stop was. She was so anxious that at every stop she got up to check whether that was her bus stop. The bus conductor at every stop told her, “I’ll tell you when your stop arrives. Don’t worry.”
- The bus kept running. People were getting on and off the bus. The lady was not comfortable with the words of the conductor, so she desperately tried to look out of the crowded bus to check if her station had arrived.
- Finally, the bus reached her bus stop. The conductor called her respectfully and helped her get off the bus by lifting her children and luggage one by one. The lady started shouting at her children, “Don’t go to the road.”
- The bus moved on and so did I. I was really moved by the attitude of the conductor. As I was close to the main door, I called the conductor and said, “you are a really good conductor.” He looked confused and said, “Brother, will you please repeat your words.” When I repeated tears started flowing down his checks. He folded his hands and said, “I have been doing like this for the past thirty years. Nobody has complimented me till now. Oh! how happy I am today.” Tears welled up in my eyes too because I did not expect this. The conductor’s behaviour opened my eyes. I realized how a simple compliment of mine created so much joy in him.
- From that day I started complimenting people whenever a job is done with a lot of love and compassion. We don’t require to do a big service to create happiness around us. It is sufficient to follow the path of love in our day-to-day life. Nowadays, I always say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’. I also never forget to compliment anyone who does a job well.
Answer the following Questions
(i) How did the conductor help the lady get off the bus?
Answer – The conductor helped the lady by respectfully calling her when they reached her bus stop and lifting her children and luggage one by one.
(ii) Why did tears start flowing down the conductor’s checks?
Answer – The conductor had been doing his job for 30 years, but no one had ever complimented him before. The compliment from the narrator made him very happy and emotional.
(iii) Why was the lady confused and worried?
- She was not able to take care of her luggage.
- Her children were constantly troubling her.
- She did not know where exactly her bus stop was.
- The conductor was very curt and rude.
Answer – (C) She did not know where exactly her bus stop was.
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(iv) Why did the lady try to look out of the crowded bus?
- To check if her station had arrived.
- She wanted to see the beautiful scenery outside.
- She was trying to count the cars which were passing.
- She wanted to breathe some fresh air as the bus was overcrowded.
Answer – (a) To check if her station had arrived.
(v) Complete the statements:
- We don’t require you to do a big service to _______.
- A simple compliment can give so _______ to the receiver.
- We don’t require to do a big service to create happiness around us.
- A simple compliment can give so much joy to the receiver.
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2. Based on your understanding of the passage given below, answer the questions that follow. Choose the best options wherever given. Each question carries one mark
Wolfgang’s elder sister Marian was very talented and learnt to play the piano at a very young age.
One day, as the father finished a piano lesson with Marian, young Wolfgang walked over to the piano and began to play back the lessons that had just been taught to his elder sister. He was only three years old then.
This not only surprised the father, but also made him realize that there was another budding talent at home. From that moment Wolfgang’s music lessons began. His father showed keen interest in instructing and teaching Wolfgang and within a year, he was already an accomplished pianist.
By the age of five, he began to compose beautiful pieces of music on the piano. His father carefully wrote down the notes as he played them. Eventually, Wolfgang learnt to write music notation and his notations flourished. One day, he told his father that he was writing a concerto. After looking at the manuscript, his father remarked, “It’s a pity that it cannot be made use of. It’s so difficult that no one could have played it.”
Wolfgang replied, “It’s a concerto and must be studied till it can be played properly.” Wolfgang then walked to the piano and played it. Answer the following questions:
(i) What did Wolfgang’s elder sister Marian learn at a very young age?
To play golf
To play the piano
To be a ballet dancer
To play chess
Answer – (b) To play the piano.
(ii) What was Wolfgang’s achievement at the age of five?
- He began to compose beautiful pieces of music.
- He was a wonder child at sports.
- He could speak ten languages fluently.
- He could solve complex mathematical problems.
Answer – (a) He began to compose beautiful pieces of music.
(iii) Wolfgang’s father realized that there was another budding talent at home when he heard _________
Answer – Wolfgang plays back the piano lessons that had just been taught to his elder sister.
(iv) At the age of five Wolfgang started composing ________
Answer –At the age of five, Wolfgang started composing beautiful pieces of music on the piano.
(v) How did Wolfgang’s father react when he saw the concerto written by Wolfgang?
Answer – Wolfgang’s father remarked, “It’s a pity that it cannot be made use of. It’s so difficult that no one could have played it.”
(vi) What did Wolfgang do in reply to his father’s observation about the concerto?
Answer – Wolfgang walked to the piano and played it in reply to his father’s observation about the concerto
(vii) Which word in the text means the same as (A) Gifted (para 1)
Answer – The word in the text that means the same as “gifted” is “talented”
SECTION – B
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Q 3 Loudspeakers are played every day in your locality on some pretext or the other. Write a letter to the Police Inspector of your locality complaining against the nuisance of loud speakers.
B-42, Maharani Enclave
New Delhi -110059
Date :- 8 April 2023
The Police Inspector
Vikas Nagar , New Delhi 110059
Subject – Complaining against the nuisance of loud speakers are.
With due respect , I would like to draw your attention to the nuisance caused by the loudspeakers.
These days various examinations are going on. But at all the religious places ,or because of the wedding seasons the loud speakers are played in full volume due to which students cannot do their study properly .Even the old peoples or patients in nearby hospital cannot sleep properly .
The volume should be kept low if they are to be played at all . I would request you to look this matter or loud speakers should not be allowed after 10 pm or before 5 am .
I complain several times but your authority cannot take an action . I hope you will understand our problem and take a strict action as soon as possible .
Q4- An NGO, ‘Health for All’ organized a health check-up camp in your area. You are Deepak / Deepika, and you visited the camp as a journalist. You also got your health check-up at the camp. Write a report in about 100 words for your newspaper. Report on how the proper treatment of the people of your area and nearby areas was done, what remedial measures were provided, including medicines which were given free of cost. You may include the various tests like blood pressure and blood sugar tests which were conducted free of cost
“Health for All” NGO Conducts Successful Health Check-up Camp in the Area.
A health check-up camp was recently organized by the non-governmental organization (NGO) ‘Health for All’ in our area. The camp aimed to provide proper treatment and remedial measures to people in the surrounding areas. As a journalist, I visited the camp and also had my health check-up done.
The camp was well-organized and well-equipped, with a team of qualified doctors and healthcare professionals attending to patients. The doctors conducted various tests, including blood pressure and blood sugar tests, free of cost. The tests helped in identifying various health issues faced by the people in the area.
The NGO also provided free medicines to patients who required immediate treatment. The doctors and healthcare professionals also provided valuable advice and suggestions to patients regarding their health concerns. The camp was a great success, with a large number of people receiving treatment and remedial measures.
The NGO’s initiative was commendable as it aims to provide healthcare to those who cannot afford it. Such camps help in raising awareness about healthcare and also help in identifying health issues early on. Overall, the health check-up camp organized by ‘Health for All’ was a great success, and we hope to see more such initiatives in the future.
Q5 – Given below are three situations. Choose one of them and write a paragraph on it in about 100 words.
(i) One sees children working as help, in shops, and in industries. The rights of the child are abused specially in developing countries. Child labor cannot be abolished unless there is free and compulsory education. Write what you feel about child labour in a paragraph.
Answer – Child labour is a social evil that is prevalent in many developing countries. It is an unfortunate reality that children, who should be enjoying their childhood, are forced to work in order to support their families. Child labour deprives children of their right to education and exposes them to hazardous working conditions. This problem cannot be solved unless there is free and compulsory education for all children.
Education is the key to breaking the cycle of poverty and ensuring that children have a better future. It is the responsibility of governments, NGOs, and civil society to work together to eliminate child labour and provide children with the opportunity to lead a happy and fulfilling life. Every child deserves the chance to grow up and reach their full potential. It is up to all of us to ensure that this happens.
(ii) It is a common sight to see people wasting water. Drinking water is becoming more and more of a rare commodity. A day will soon come when our thirst may not get quenched. Give your opinion in a paragraph on how to save water.
Answer – Water is one of the most precious resources on earth. However, it is being wasted on a large scale, and people are taking it for granted. With the ever-growing population and the increasing demand for water, it is important that we start saving it now. There are several ways to save water. First and foremost, we should avoid waste of water.Turning off the tap while brushing, using a bucket instead of a shower, and repairing leaky taps are some of the ways to avoid wastage. Secondly, we should harvest rainwater. This will help in increasing groundwater levels, which in turn, will ensure water availability during the dry season. Thirdly, we should reuse water. For example, using the water used for washing vegetables to water plants is a great way to reuse water. Finally, we should spread awareness about water conservation to everyone we know. Saving water is a collective responsibility, and every drop counts.
(iii) Due to Covid-19 rage, the world has lost many of its people. The economy of nearly all countries had a setback and education suffered the most with schools and colleges remaining closed. As no medicine is there for the disease, people have to follow the norms set by the doctors and the government. Write down the importance of these norms in order to control the disease.
Answer – The outbreak of Covid-19 has brought about a massive global crisis, leading to many deaths, economic setbacks, and the closure of educational institutions. In the absence of any vaccine or specific medication, governments and medical professionals around the world have recommended several guidelines and norms to contain the spread of the virus.
These norms include social distancing, wearing masks, avoiding crowded places, and regular hand washing. These guidelines have been crucial in slowing down the spread of the virus and preventing it from overwhelming healthcare systems. By following these norms, people can play an active role in controlling the spread of Covid-19 and helping to protect the vulnerable members of society. It is important for everyone to understand the gravity of the situation and follow these guidelines to overcome the pandemic.
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Q6 – Read the conversation given below:
Ajith: Hello. May I speak to Dev? I’m his friend, Ajith.
Kalyani: My brother is not at home. I am his sister, Kalyani.
Ajith: Could you please, give him a message?
Kalyani: Of course.
Ajith: Tell him that the Old Students School Reunion is taking place on Friday the 25th of this month at 5 p.m. at the Taj Hotel. He has to come to the reunion.
Kalyani: I will certainly give him your message.
Ajith: Thank you. Kalyani is leaving for Delhi in the evening, so she leaves a message for her brother, Dev. Write the message as Kalyani.
Dear Dev (Receiver’s Name)
“Hey Dev, Ajith called and wanted me to let you know that the Old Students School Reunion is on Friday the 25th of this month at 5 p.m. at the Taj Hotel. You should definitely try to make it to the reunion. Okay, take care. Bye!”
SECTION – C
Q.7. Read the conversation given below and complete the paragraph that follows using an indirect speech by filling in the blanks appropriately.
Madhav: Please give me a postal stamp for this letter. I want to send it to the next village.
Postal Clerk: Here you are sir, that will be Rs. 5.
Madhav: You charged me Rs. 5 yesterday for a letter to Chennai and this is only a short distance away.
Postal Clerk: It is a rule, sir. Every envelope should have a stamp worth Rs. 5.
Madhav: I don’t believe you. I will go to another post office.
Madhav went to a post office and requested the postal clerk to (i) _______. She gave him one and said (ii) _______. Madhav protested (iii) _______ for a letter to Chennai and the next village was only a short distance away. The clerk politely explained (iv) _______. Madhav replied (v) _______ and added (vi) _______.
(i) Him a postal stamp for a letter.
(ii) that it would be Rs. 5
(iii) Give that he did not believe her
(iv) that it was a rule that every envelope should have a stamp worth Rs. 5
(v) that he had been charged the same amount yesterday for a letter to Chennai and this was only a short distance away
(vi) That he would go to another post office.
Q8 – Complete the following paragraph by filling in the blanks. For each blank there are four options. Choose the most appropriate option for each blank. The first one has been done for you.
Global warming is an increase in the average temperature of (i) _______ earth’s atmosphere. It is caused by the (ii) _______ in carbon dioxide levels (iii) _______ the atmosphere, which leads (iv) _______ an increase in temperature on the earth. Global warming has accelerated due to massive deforestation (v) _______ man. It is happening not because of a single cause (vi) _______ due to several causes.
(i) (A) an (B) the (C) in (D) a
(ii) (A) rising (B) rise (C) rose (D) rises
(iii) (A) on (B) at (C) in (D) by
(iv) (A) on (B) at (C) to (D) for
(v) (A) besides (B) by (C) for (D) with
(vi) (A) and (B) either (C) but (D) or
(i) (B) the
(ii) (A) rising
(iii) (D) by
(iv) (C) to
(v) (B) by
(vi) (D) or
Q9 – Rewrite each of the following pairs of sentences as one sentence, using the appropriate linkers from the box. There are more words than you need.
if, but, because, though, and
1.The baby is crying.
She is hungry.
2.You must drive fast.
You want to reach in time.
3.Sita cut the onions.
Gita peeled the potatoes
- The baby is crying because she is hungry.
- You must drive fast if you want to reach in time.
- Sita cut the onions and Gita peeled the potatoes.
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Q10 – Rewrite the sentences given below by filling in the blank spaces with the passive form of the verbs:
- A strange sense of fear plagued him.
He _______ by a strange sense of fear.
- The sound of a creaking door nearby startled him.
He _______ by the sound of a creaking door nearby.
- Everybody had warned him not to spend the night there.
He _______ by everyone not to spend the night there.
- A strange sense of fear plagued him. He was plagued by a strange sense of fear.
- The sound of a creaking door nearby startled him. He was startled by the sound of a creaking door nearby.
- Everybody had warned him not to spend the night there. He was warned by everyone not to spend the night there.
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Q11 – Complete the following conversation by filling in the blanks with the correct Wh-Question words:
Hotel Manager: (i) _______ is your name?
Niraav: My name is Niraav.
Hotel Manager: (ii) _______ is your hometown?
Niraav: I belong to Mumbai itself.
Hotel Manager: (iii) _______ dishes can you cook?
Niraav: I can cook Italian, Indian, Chinese, and Mexican dishes.
Hotel Manager: (iv) _______ can you join the hotel?
Niraav: In a week’s time.
Hotel Manager: (v) _______ will vouch for you?
Niraav: Mr. Mehta, my previous employer.
Hotel Manager: (vi) _______ Did you leave his employment?
Niraav: He is shifting to Delhi.
Q12 – Complete the following paragraph by filling in the blanks with the suitable form of verbs given in the brackets:
All baby birds are (i) _______ (bear) from eggs. While it is in the egg, the embryo (i.e., the baby bird) (ii) _______ (get) all the food it (iii) _______ (need) from the yolk in the egg. Besides food, the baby bird needs to be hatched also. So, the mother bird (iv) _______ (crouch) over the eggs to keep them warm. Sometimes the father bird (v) _______ (do) this and the parents (vi) _______ (take) turns.
(i) Borne (bear) from eggs. While it is in the egg, the embryo (i.e., the baby bird)
(ii) gets (get) all the food it
(iii) Needs (need) from the yolk in the egg. Besides food, the baby bird needs to be hatched also. So, the mother bird
(iv) Crouches (crouch) over the eggs to keep them warm. Sometimes the father bird
(v) Does (do) this and the parents
(vi) Take (take) turns.
SECTION – D
13. Read the stanza given below and answer the questions that follow:
Weavers, weaving at break of day,
Why do you weave a garment so gay?
Blue as the wing of halcyon wild, we weave the robes of a new-born child. (Indian Weavers)
(a) What is the time of the day meant by ‘break of – day’? .
(b) What are the weavers weaving?
(c) How do the time of the day and the birth of a child match?
(d) Pick out the word which indicates the mood of the occasion.
(a) Early morning time.
(b) The weavers are weaving a cloth for new born baby.
(c) The time of the day is morning, morning is the beginning of the day; she birth of a
child is the beginning of life.
(d) ‘Gay’ word indicates the mood of the occasion.
14. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences each.
(a) What, according to the child, is buried under the veil of dust? (My Only Cry).
Ans. According to the child what is buried under the veil of dust is our lives which is
under the Threat of weapons.
(b) What made the eight runners suddenly stop? (Nine Gold Medals)
Ans. While running the little boy suddenly fell down. To make him stand again each of
the Runner stopped and came back to help him.
15. Complete the following sentences by choosing the best options:
(a) They used to laugh with their hearts, means: (Once Upon A Time)
(a) They enjoyed laughing loudly.
(b) They used to laugh with true feelings.
(c) Their hearts beat, when they laughed.
(d) They were happy and playful in nature.
Ans. (B) they used to laugh with true feelings.
(b) But words can mortify me, means: (Truth)
(A) Words can hurt me deeply.
(B) Words can humiliate me.
(C) Words remain in my memory.
(D) Words touch my mind.
Ans. (D) Words touch my mind.
16. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
We have 10 percent growth rate in most areas. Our poverty level is falling. Our
achievements are being globally recognized. Yet we lack the self confidence to see
ourselves as a developed nation, self reliant and self assured. Isn’t this incorrect? My
second vision for India is development. For fifty years, we have been a developing
nation. It is time we see ourselves as a developed nation. (My Vision for India)
(a) Who is the speaker of this extract?
Ans. Speaker of this extract is Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
(b) Mention the facts that support India as a developed nation.
Ans. India is a developed nation; our achievements are being globally recognized. India
is self reliant as well as self assured.
(c) Why couldn’t we think ourselves to be a developed nation?
Ans. We can’t think ourselves to be developed • nation because we lack self confidence.
Also we have 10 percent growth rate in most areas.
(d) What is required for India to be globally recognized?
Ans. For Indian to be globally recognized self confidence, self assurance is required.
17. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
Despite the fame that he got, Bismillah Khan always remained simple. He never
accumulated wealth and other material possessions. He lived in humble surrounding in
the holy city of Varanasi. His favorite mode of transport was the cycle rickshaw. He
monopolized Shehnai recitals in the post-independence era and through them, kept
alive the legacy of classical music
(Ustad Bismillah Khan)
(a) What was Bismillah Khan?
(b) What shows that he lived a simple life?
(c) What is his contribution to the world of music?
(d) Give the meaning of the word ‘monopolized‘.
a) Bismillah Khan was a Shania player.
b) Bismillah Khan lived a simple life as he never accumulated wealth and other material possessions. He always travelled from the cycle and rickshaw as it was his favorite
mode of: transport
c) He gave a great contribution to the world of music by not just performing in India but also in. other countries. He tried to spread place and brotherhood through his
d) Made to dominat
18. Complete the following statements by choosing the most appropriate options given below:
(a) Raja could not say that no snake had bitten him because:
(The Snake Bite)
i. Grandfather did not allow him to speak.
ii. The medicine man was reciting mantras.
iii. The medicine man would not believe him.
iv. He was inevere pain.
Ans. (i) Grandfather did not allow him to speak.
(b) Bhagya decided to give up the job of working in an apartment of Lakshmi because:
(Caring for Others)
(i) Bhagya could not take more work.
(ii) Lakshmi needed the job more.
(iii) Bhagya wanted to study in the afternoon.
(iv) Bhagya was required to work in the school in the afternoon.
Ans. (iv) Bhagya was required to work in the school in the afternoon.
(c) Gandhi went to Ramji’s Mandir because:
(Stealing and Atonement)(i) He wanted to pray to the deity
(ii) He wanted to make an offering
(iii) He wanted to compose himself
(iv) He wanted to confess his fault before the deity
Ans. (iii) He wanted to compose himself.
19. Answer any two of the following questions in about 30-40 words each:
(a) Why did the head of the shoeshine’s union agree? To provide the storyteller the
chance to join the group as a shoeshine ?
(b) What did Jijabai do when she received the so called news of Shivaji’s death?
(c) What made Kezia’s father angry with her ? What lesson did he want to teach her by punishing her?
(a) The head of the shocshine’s union agree to provide the storyteller the chance to join the group us a shoeshine because of his knowledge of English. It would have came inhandy for their correspondence with the authorities.
(b) “Maraheb, please remember that till you meet Balraje, I have to sick to my oath.When the news of Balrage’s death reaches Delhi, his reach will come to an end and
Balraje will return home safe.” Shivaba, this politics of yours cuts through the entrails ofthe innorcent people. “Maraheb, you too have to co-operate with us in the play of ourpolitics. And this should remain a top secret as the safety of Balraje depends solely uponit. Along with Jijabai, Raje coine out of the idol-house and scoted her in the chamber,Jijabai sat reclined on against the bolster. Then, cuiping his tears, Raje got up and went traight to his chamber.” The wailing emonating from the ground floor reched Raje’s cars.
(c) Kezia wanted to give a presunt to her father on his birthday she decided to make a him cushion for him: For this she tore some important speech paper of her father’s.
When her father came to know about it, he became very angry with her. Her father wants to teach her lesson that without knowing how will you jump on to the conclusion
directly, father wants to tell her daughter that firstly ask me that, father can I take this pin from this bundle of papers or you will buy me a new pin, this is the correct way that father wants to teach her.
20. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 words:
(a) Why do the villagers call the ‘Neem’ tree their village pharmacy? How did grandfather justify it?
Ans. “Neem” is a member of the mahogany family and is a hardy, fast growing evergreen tree. There stately umbrella shoped trees have fragnant white flowers about one half inch across and may live for more than 200 years. It has a straight trunk, long spreading branches, grows to a height of 50 feet or more and up to 30 feet wide. While native to India, neem grows in many Asian countries, throughout arid zones of Africa and has been planted in tropical areas of the western world as well. Both seeds
and leaves of Neem tree have antiseptic, antiviral, anti-flam motory, hypotensive and anti-ulcer effects, making them medicinal.
(b) What was the tiger’s view about the human beings? How did it change?
Ans. Tiger’s view about the human being was very shakable view that when they see a tiger near them with freely not stitched with any type of rope, they feels the fear of getting eaten by the tiger and they start rooming around here and there, they stops their work and ran away from that place as people thinks that tiger will kill them and eat them. But tiger thinks in his mind this I will do when I am hungry, this time I am not hungry for many upcoming days and my stomach is full. Tiger also sees that in circus people sits and enjoys the show without fear and when they are at home or any other place except circus they get frightened and shock with fear, this is what the tiger sees about the human beings.
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Q16 – Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
I have three visions for India. In 3000 years of our history people from all over the world have come and invaded us, captured our lands, conquered red our minds. From Alexander onwards the Greeks, the Turks, The Moguls, the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Dutch, all of them came and looted us, took over what was ours. Yet, we have not done this to any other nation. We have not conquered anyone. We have not grabbed their land, their culture and their history and tried to enforce our way of life on them. Why? Because we respect the freedom of others. That is why my first vision is that of Freedom. I believe that India got its first vision of this in 1857, when we started the war of Independence.
(My Vision for India)
- What did the invaders do to the people of India?
- Mention any two invaders who came to India and took over what was ours.
- Why has India not conquered anyone?
- When did India first get its vision of freedom?
- The invaders came and looted India, captured its lands, and conquered its minds.
- The Turks and the British are two invaders who came to India and took over what was ours.
- India has not conquered anyone because it respects the freedom of others.
- India got its first vision of freedom in 1857 when it started the War of Independence.
Q17 – Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
One day, when she was kept indoors with a cold, the grandmother told her that her father’s birthday was next week, and suggested she should make him a pin cushionas a gift out of a beautiful piece of yellow silk.
Laboriously with double cotton, the little girl stitched three sides. But what to fill it with? That was the question. The grandmother was out in the garden, and she wandered into her mother’s bedroom to look for ‘scraps. (The Little Girl)
- One day, she was not allowed to go outside. Why?
- What did the grandmother advise the little girl?
- What did the little girl do with double cotton?
- What problem did she face?
- She was kept indoors with a cold.
- The grandmother suggested she should make a pin cushion for her father’s birthday out of a beautiful piece of yellow silk.
- The little girl stitched three sides with double cotton.
- She did not know what to fill the pincushion with.
Q.18. Complete the statements given below by choosing the most appropriate options from those that follow:
(i) The parrot backed away from Aunt Ruby because _______.
- too many people had crowded around its cage with Aunt Ruby
- Aunt Ruby had poked it with her fingers
- it did not want to be kissed by Aunt Ruby
- Aunt Ruby was teasing it along with the author
(The Parrot Who Wouldn’t Talk)
(ii) Jijabai did not believe the letter to be genuine because _______.
- Mantriji told her it was so
- she did not trust Aurangzeb
- Ram Das and Pandit Rao had brought it
- the letter did not mention how Shivaji died
(The Return of the Lion)
(iii) Gandhiji and his relative started smoking by _______.
- buying cigarettes from the market
- collecting stubs of cigarettes thrown away by his uncle
- stealing his uncle’s cigarettes
- borrowing bidis from the servants of the house
(Stealing and Atonement)
- The parrot backed away from Aunt Ruby because it did not want to be kissed by Aunt Ruby.
- Jiabao did not believe the letter to be genuine because the letter did not mention how Shivaji died.
- Gandhiji and his relative started smoking by collecting stubs of cigarettes thrown away by his uncle.
Q19 – Answer any two of the following questions in 30 to 40 words each:
- How did the old man treat Raja for the snake bite? (Snake Bite)
- What prompted the Union of Shoeshines to allow the author to join them? (The Shoeshine)
- What qualities of a soldier did Jawaharlal Nehru want his daughter to have? (A Birthday Letter)
- The old man treated Raja for the snake bite with traditional remedies like sucking the poison out, applying a paste made from roots and herbs, and giving him herbs to eat.
- The author’s willingness to work hard and learn the trade of shoe shining prompted the Union of Shoeshines to allow him to join them. They were impressed with his eagerness to learn and his determination to make a living.
- Jawaharlal Nehru wanted his daughter to have the qualities of a soldier such as courage, selflessness, and the ability to face danger and difficulties without fear. He wanted her to be strong and resilient, able to endure hardships and fight for what she believed in.
Q20 – Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 words:
- What did Neema learn about the Neem tree from her grandfather?
(The Village Pharmacy)
2. How did Kondiba’s life change from a beggar to a small businessman?
(Kondiba – A Hero)
- Neema’s grandmother tells her that her grandfather has a lot of knowledge about the neem tree. Neema gets very excited and wants to know about it. She has a science exhibition in her school, the next week, and thinks that she can use the information to prepare for the exhibition.
Neema’s grandfather uses many neem products. He tells her about how good they are for his health and fitness. He also tells her that her father became interested in becoming a doctor because he often watched his grandfather prepare medicines out of the neem tree.
2. Kandia was a beggar, but he had the desire to change his life. One day, he saw a man making pottery and got inspired. He asked the potter to teach him the art of making pots. The potter taught him the art, and Kandia started making pots to earn a living. He also got a loan from the bank and started his own pottery business. With his hard work and dedication, he became a successful businessman. He even started providing employment to other people. Kandia’s life changed from a beggar to a small businessman, and he became an inspiration for others.